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Central Africa Republic


Explore one of Africa’s least developed countries, with a turbulent past. With an area slightly smaller than Texas (623,000 km²), this country is one of the most impoverished on the African continent. In the more than 40 years since independence, the C.A.R. has made little progress towards economic development.

From the 7th century, this region was settled by overlapping empires and sultanates.  Between the 16th and 19th centuries, the inhabitants suffered greatly at the hands of slave traders, who used the region as a slave reservoir.

The French occupied the area in 1894. As the colony of Ubangi-Shari, what is now the Central African Republic, was united with Chad in 1905. In 1910 it combined with Gabon and the Middle Congo to become French Equatorial Africa.  Since World War II, the country has suffered a similarly chequered history.

The C.A.R. is a landlocked country in Central Africa, 800 km North of the Equator. Its neighbours are Chad, Sudan, South Sudan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Republic of the Congo and Cameroon. The total population is about 4.5 million and the capital city is Bangui.