Home  >  Country East Africa Eritrea



Explore the State of Eritrea, situated in the Horn of Africa, bordered in the North-East and East by the Red Sea, in the West and North-West by Sudan, in the South by Ethiopia, and in the South-East by Djibouti.

Eritrea is a name given by the Italians from the Greek word “Erythrean”, meaning “red”, when they colonized this region with its 1200-km extended coastline in 1890. After World War II, Eritrea became a British Protectorate, retaining Italian administration. Finally, after many struggles and federation with Ethiopia, Eritrea officially declared its independence on 24 May 1993, becoming a legitimate country approved by the UN as its 183rd member.

Even though Eritrea, like most other African countries, was the result of 19th-century European colonisation, the history of Eritrea can be traced back to ancient times. This region was identified as the Land of Punt by the Egyptians on trade expeditions in the second millennium B.C.

Eritrea is rich in culture, history and natural beauty. It has five distinct ecosystems—Sahel, savannah, maritime, mountain and desert –a country where one can appreciate ‘three seasons in two hours’. It is rich in mountain ecosystems, suitable for trekking and mountaineering. The fauna and flora among the coral reefs are among the most unpolluted and colourful in the world. Eritrea, having been one of the earliest countries to accept Christianity and Islam, has some of the oldest established churches, monasteries and mosques in the world.

The capital city is Asmara.